We're Open
+44 7340 9595 39
+44 20 3239 6980

1. Discuss the nature and type of information required at each level of decision making within a typical organization hierarchy.

Information



  • Post Date 2018-11-05T04:17:29+00:00
  • Post Category Assignment Requirements

No Plagiarism Guarantee - 100% Custom Written

Order Details

1. Discuss the nature and type of information required at each level of decision making within a typical organization hierarchy.

Instructions:

1.         Project Assignment Outline

“Decision level of the business organisation – A Case Study”

 

A typical hierarchical business will have three (3) broad levels of organizational decision-making from the top to the bottom.  Each organizational level exhibits different information requirements characteristics in terms of the decision timeframes, certainty, risk, responsiveness, information structure and application of technology.  These decision-making levels are characterized by information systems that are different in design and composition because of the level-specific goals of the information systems at each level of the hierarchy.  The decision-making levels are highly significant in terms of system thinking, since the purpose of processing data is to produce information for decision making.

 

 

 

  1. Discuss the nature and type of information required at each level of decision making within a typical organization hierarchy.

Link this to the various Information systems used by organizations such as Transaction Processing, Management Information and Executive Decision Support systems.

1 Operational information

  1. Lower level management
  2. Transactional processing system (TPS)
  3. Day-to-day operation or actives
  4. Ledger entries or journal entries
  5. Follow established policy or guidelines
  6. Easy decision
  7. Structured decision/programmed decision

 

2        tactical information

  1. middle level management
  2. management information system (MIS)
  3. decision support system (DSS)
  4. semi-structured decision

 

3        strategic information

  1. top level management or highest level of management
  2. decision support system (DSS)
  3. executive information system (EIS)
  4. further oriented
  5. unstructured decision/non-programming decision
  6. Ill-defined and difficult decisions
  7. It contains many variables
  8. Strategic information is required in decision such as merger or acquisition

 

  1. Consider and suggest three possible information sources that could be used to provide data and information for decision making.

            Consider how such sources of information may be extracted from the environment and how reliable these information sources are.

Internal sources e.g. stock level or inventory level, database - - required by the lower level management

External sources e.g. economics outlook of a country - required by the highest level of management - more for planning purpose

 

Primary sources of information

Secondary sources of information

Tertiary sources of information

 

 

 

 

 

  1. What are the desired qualities of information at each level of the organizational hierarchy?

            Discuss the granularity aspects of information for the different levels of management in an organization.

 

  1. Accurate – freedom of errors
  2. Complete -  nothing should be omitted
  3. Relevance -  level of management
  4. Reliable
  5. Detailed
  6. Summarised
  7. Timeliness - information has time values - information that is current, the values increase. On the other hand, information that is older, the value decreases

 

4.         Are these desirable characteristics different at each level or are there any common desirable characteristics?

            What is the significance of detailed versus consolidated data to management at the different levels of management?

S. No :

Qualitative characteristics of information

Lower level

(Operational Level)

Middle Level

(Tactical Level)

Top Level

(Strategic Level)

1

Accurate Information

High

Medium

Low

2

Real- Time Information

High

Medium

Low

3

Historical Information

Low

Medium

High

4

Planning Information

Low

Medium

High

5

Operational Information

High

Medium

Low

6

Summarised Information

Low

Medium

High

7

Detailed Information

High

Medium

Low

8

Current Information

High

Medium

Low

9

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.         How would you define the importance of decision making at each level of organizational hierarchy?

Discuss the impact of decision making at the various levels (top, middle-, supervisory-levels).

S. No :

Types of Decisions

Lower level

(Operational Level)

Middle Level

(Tactical Level)

Top Level

(Strategic Level)

1

Structured Decision

High

Medium

Low

2

Programmed Decision

Low

Medium

High

3

Unstructured Decision

 

 

 

4

Non-programmed Decision

 

 

 

5

Ill-Defined Decision

 

 

 

6

Decision that follow established guidelines or policy

 

 

 

7

Decision that contains many  variables

 

 

 

8

Easy to make decision

 

 

 

9

Difficult Decision

 

 

 

10

Control Decision

 

 

 

11

Operation Decision

 

 

 

12

Planning Decision

 

 

 

 

Add more!!

 

 

 

 

The assignment should be presented as a short informal report, of around 2000 words in length.. Do not forget page numbers, title, your name, and the quality of the presentation of the assignment. The report should be well referenced and formatted in accordance with the Harvard Referencing system.

Note: Each section does not need to be long, but it does need to demonstrate that you are acquainted with your chosen organization’s business, and have thought about how it works. On the other hand, you are not expected to be an expert on the business – most of the information that you will need to complete this assignment will be found through a combination of looking carefully at your chosen organizations’ websites, lecture notes, textbooks and journal articles).


Price: £ 119

100% Plagiarism Free & Custom Written, Tailored to your instructions