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. The theory of continental drift was first proposed by (Points : 3) Francis Bacon Charles Richter Alfred Wegener Isaac Newton Albert Einstein 2. The theory of continental drift has undergone significant changes due to advances in technology and subsequent since it was first posed in 500 B.C. 1500 1912 1960 1985 3. Which of the following forms of evidence was used to formulate Wegener’s theory of Continental Drift? 1. the jigsaw-like pattern of continental coastlines 2. magnetism of the ocean basin rocks 3. discovery of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge 4. radiometric dating of the basaltic rocks 4. What form of technology first allowed researchers to confirm that the Mid-Atlantic Ridge exists? Seismometer topographic maps of the ocean floor magnetometer remote sensing via satellite 5. Earthquakes are known to occur at the following type of tectonic plate boundary divergent convergent transform all of the above 6. The scale for measuring the intensity of earthquakes was invented by Francis Bacon Charles Richter Alfred Wegener Isaac Newton Albert Einstein 7. _____ waves cannot pass through ____ substances. Mapping the locations where these and other waves transmitted following an earthquake allows for the determining the layers of the _____, as well as the epicenter of an earthquake. Compressional / solid / earth Shear / liquid / earth Compressional / solid / atmosphere Shear / liquid / atmosphere 8. The following field of science studies the waves of movement in the crust of the Earth: volcanology Seismology plate tectonics lithology athenology 9. A seismic wave in which the molecules in the rock move back and forth in the same direction as the wave is called divergent convergent subductive compressional transformational 10. Which piece of evidence was not used to support of the theory of plate tectonics? ages of rocks magnetic properties of ocean floor materials ocean floor topography measurements from radio astronomy fossils 11. Through the use of topographic mapping of the ocean floor, deep fissures in the ocean bottom can be located. These fissures are called fault lines trenches the oceanic deep a convergent zone a divergent zone 12. Seismographs can measure the movement that emanates from an earthquake. This movement is called a quake wave seismic wave fault wave tectonic wave magma wave 13. The study of paleomagnetism and the reversals of rocks supports continentalism geology continental drift seismology volcanism 14. Which of the following show the order of technological developments related to studying seismology and plate tectonics? Seismographs, Topographic maps of the ocean floor, Paleomagnetism, Radio Astronomy, Seismic Tomography Radio Astronomy, Paleomagnetism, Topographic maps of the ocean floor, Seismic Tomography, Seismographs Seismographs, Paleomagnetism, Seismic Tomography, Topographic maps of the ocean floor, Radio Astronomy Topographic maps of the ocean floor, Seismic Tomography, Paleomagnetism, Radio Astronomy, Seismographs 15. Which of the following was used as evidence for plate tectonics? topographic profiles of the ocean floors maps on rock magnetism data classifying rocks by age sea floor spreading all of these are correct 16. Which of the following correctly describes earthquakes? Earthquakes are an abrupt release of energy Prediction of earthquakes is an established science, which gives global citizens a chance to evacuate ahead of time. Earthquakes have never occurred in the middle of the USA No earthquake has been measured higher than 7 on the Richter scale All earthquakes happen within one kilometer of the Earth’s surface 17. What evidence convinced most scientists to accept the theory of plate tectonics? ocean topography magnetism of the ocean basin rocks discovery of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge radiometric dating of the basaltic rocks all of these are correct 18. What causes the ‘Ring of Fire,’ which borders much of the Pacific Ocean? plate subduction divergent plates sea-floor spreading transform plate motion all of these are correct 19. Which of these waves is classified as a type of seismic wave following earthquakes? transverse compressional longitudinal shear waves all of these are correct 20. What is the force that moves continents and tectonic plates? convection cells mantle convection radioactive decay heat energy left from the great bombardment all of these are correct 22. Divergent plate boundaries are associated with seafloor spreading formation of new crust volcanic action shallow, low-energy earthquakes all of these are correct 23. Which of the following is an example of a continental convergent plate boundary? the East African Rift Valley the San Andreas Fault the Atlantic east coast fall line Mount St. Helens in the northwest United States the Himalayan Mountains 23. The only currently active plate boundary within the continental United States is the Marianas Trench East-Pacific Rise New Madrid Fault San Andreas Fault Mid-Atlantic Ridge 24. The transform plate boundaries form new material at rates exceeding that of the divergent plate boundaries are the location of island arcs and hot spots created the Andes Mountains in South America are exemplified by the San Andreas fault are sites of major volcano ranges 25. The magnetic patterns from seafloor data were created by magnetite in lava flows are caused by hot spots are indicators of past and future earthquake sites have no one explanation accepted by scientists always run perpendicular to the equator