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The Effect of Different Stretching Techniques on Agility Performance in Sport

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  • Post Date 2018-11-03T13:22:00+00:00
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The Effect of Different Stretching Techniques on Agility Performance in Sport

The Effect of Different Stretching Techniques on Agility Performance in Sport ST5060 Sports Science Research Methods

 

Table of Contents

Literature Review.. 

Introduction. 

The Effect of Different Stretching Techniques. 

Research Methodology. 

Participants. 

Measures/Instruments/Equipment 

Procedures/Protocol 

Data Analysis/Statistics. 

References. 

 

 

 

Literature Review

Introduction

It has been observed that stretching form is known from a very long time as an essential element of pre-performance actions for a throng of athletic actions. Several studies have revealed that stretching perhaps would have damaging effects on individual’s performance. Sporting occasions encompass numerous styles of actions. In occasions, for example, Football, the sportsperson, breaks and modifies its direction speedily. In addition to this, particular information of the defined effects of stretching might possibly affect the choice to put on stretching procedures in the sport as well as therapeutic situations. Agility performance test aims to measure the balance, speed, strength and co-ordination of human body while performing physical activity and games (Amiri-Khorasani, Sahebozamani, Tabrizi, & Yusof, 2010; Chaouachi, et al., 2010). It is based on integrating different techniques and protocols so to determine the aimed factor, so is to regulate the capability of athlete’s body (Babault & Desbrosses, 2010). This paper gives emphasis to the effects of static and dynamic stretching techniques on agility performance in sports.

The Effect of Different Stretching Techniques

According to Haddad, et al (2014), stretching is a collective element of pre-performance actions for numerous sporty occasions. These are known as static and dynamic stretching techniques. Static stretching is utilised to stretch muscles, and on the other hand is executed by gradually broadening a muscle to an extended place, to the fact of distress, not torment. However, Kay & Blazevich (2012) identified that it has both positive and adverse effects on the performance. Turki & Chaouachi (2012) specified that more than a few types of stretching procedures are presently amalgamated by sportspersons for pre-event actions. He further stated that static stretching as well as (PNF) Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation are shared procedures utilised by analysts, the instructors of sportspersons, expert and novice therapists, and sportspersons to progress agility. Furthermore, Simic & Sarabon (2013)added that most of the times, these stretching events are assimilated as part of a preparation or warm-up period. He assessed that the effects of stretching on performance have appeared remarkable deficits in performing related variables while others demonstrated little or no contrast. Similarly, he observed the impact of the warm-up as well as flexibility handlings on vertical jump performance, particularly in the women. The outcomes revealed a reduction in vertical jump height for the cluster of PNF treatment, carrying investigators to risk that carrying out these stretching procedures before a vertical jump test probably be damaging to the performance.

It is observed by Carvalho & Carvalho (2012) that static stretching is known to be a central component of the pre-event exercises. Moreover, pre-event static stretching is recommended to avoid damage by augmenting the range of indication about a joint or chain of joints, as well as to progress performance in dynamic actions. It can be said that dynamic stretching is presently recommended by strength and conditioning experts for stretching before the occasion. It has been shown by Fletcher & Monte-Colombo (2010) that static stretching negatively affects sprint speed and control and is trusted that the diminishing in execution measures is connected to a reduction in the firmness in the musculotendinous unit that outcomes in an expansion in tendon slack, that requires more opportunity to be taken in when the muscle contracts. Likewise, this muscle slacks result in a less viable exchange of power from the muscle to the lever. He additionally included that it can maybe influence the neurological affectability.

On the other hand, Lim & Nam (2014) agility is the capability to modify the position of the body in a well-organised and operational way and to accomplish this, a sportsman necessitates an arrangement of balance, coordination and speed essentially. Haddad, et al (2014) depicted agility as the capacity to quickly change the position of the whole body in space with velocity and precision. He further expressed that agility can be considered as a systemic combination of neuromuscular management, response time, speed, quality, equalisation. In addition, this multifaceted nature of agility performance has driven numerous analysts to anticipate that embrace a breakdown of its portions. Turki & Chaouachi (2012) also noticed that the many-sided quality of elements that cooperate to deliver agility execution and the trouble in really recognising and measuring those segments. Agility is an imperative element of numerous teams athletic, nevertheless, it is not at all times verified and tested, as well as is frequently problematic to understand the fallouts.

Lastly before each test depending on the subgroups that the participants will be divided in will do static stretches and perform the Illinois test and then the other group will perform dynamic stretches and also do the agility test.  An assistant will record the results on a piece of paper.

Amiri-Khorasani, et al (2010) inspected the impacts of static versus dynamic warm-up conventions on agility execution, using a typical institutionalised agility test called the T-test. The results of the test uncovered a contrast between the dynamic warm-up and both the static warm-up and no warm-up gatherings. Carvalho & Carvalho (2012) inferred that a dynamic warm-up convention might give execution advantages that are better than static or no warm-up conventions. In addition to this, he implied that the restricted exploration exists concerning the intense impacts of various stretching procedures on athletic execution variables, particularly, agility.

Research Methodology

The determination of the research methodology is to position a research structure laterally with comprehensive colophon about the research and as the methods which are used to carry out the research

Participants

In order to carry out, reliable results 20 participants will be selected for this research study. These participants will be split into different sports groups, for example, basketball and tennis and will assess agility in everyone.

Measures/Instruments/Equipment

This research will use Illinois Agility Test (Amiri-Khorasani, et al., 2011). The Illinois Agility Test is a generally utilised test of agility in sporting, and all things considered, there are numerous standards accessible. The test decides the quality, mental vicinity, determination, co-appointment and stretching abilities of an individual player. The test helps the researcher to determine the strength, mental presence, determination, co-ordination and stretching capabilities of an individual player (Herda, Cramer, Ryan, McHugh, & Stout, 2008; Jaggers, Swank, Frost, & Lee, 2008).

Procedures/Protocol

The procedure of conducting Illinois agility test on players is to conduct a race with different turning points and cone hurdles on different meters (McMillian, Moore, Hatler, & Taylor, 2006; Amiri-Khorasani M. , Kinematics analysis: The acute effect of different stretching methods on dynamic range of motion of lower extremity joints during soccer instep kicking, 2013). The participants will be gathered into different subgroups and enter them into different sports to see whether there are any differences between groups. Moreover, both static and dynamic stretches will be tested before the Illinois run and results will be recorded. According to different researches, the test results for males are usually under 15.2 seconds as well as fewer than seventeen seconds for woman sportspersons. Apart from the accurate results and statics of warm-up techniques, the outcomes and benefits of the test remain unknown for the, however, this research will be good for coaches to adopt to determine the performance of their players.

Protocol

At the start of the experiment, the subjects will have to complete a health questionnaire, read and sign the consent form prior to having understood the tests aims and objectives.  

  • The tennis court will be marked the length of 10metres, the width and thus the distance between the start to finish points is 5metres.
  • Four cones will be used to mark the start, finish and the two turning points.
  • Each cone in the centre will be spaced 3.3 metres apart.
  • Familiarise participant with how the test in performed

The test will be carried out in the manner that each participant will have to start by;

  •  Lying face down on the ground at the start point
  • On the command, jump to your feet and go around the cones to the finish
  • The assistant will record the total time taken

Equipment;

  • 8 marking cones
  • Stopwatch
  • Flat floor surface
  • Measuring tape
  • A book to keep record of the results

Data Analysis/Statistics

Quantitative analysis will be used as this research is an examination of the useful data, as an example, to assess or study the rationality of assumptions as well as theories for determining a matter practically. In addition, it will be used because statistical statistics will be executed in order to find useful results. It can be said that the quantitative inspection is a determined way to assess and evaluate the theories which have been perceived by assessing concept and particular literature. It will be used in the research because it gives measurable enlisted information to consider, the relationship among realities and assumptions from beginning to end through inspection of comprehensive information.

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