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This paper revolves around testing listening and you are asked to prepare a short answer report explaining what exactly you are testing. Discuss the macro-skills related to the task you are expected to perform and identify different functions of structures.
Listening as a receptive skill – does not involve behaviour which can directly be observed – allows objective scoring (e.g. a multiple-choice format) 2. Listening skills – what exactly are we testing? macro-skills (related to type of listening tasks the candidates are expected to perform, and thus bearing on course objectives): = listening for specific info = obtaining the essence = following directions = following instructions micro-skills: = identifying various functions of structures (question as a request Could you pass.. tags for confirmation) 3. Selecting types of texts for the listening test: ideally it should be authentic speech but take the following into consideration: = type of sample: radio broadcast, tape from an English language textbook, commercial tapings of novels, fairy tales, etc. our own recordings of NSs = BUT be careful about regional accent! speed! socio-economic register = quality of the recording (e.g. background noise) depending on the task → can vary between 20 sec (a single sentence) and a 10 min passage (testing lecture-type comprehension) 4. Test techniques (avoid techniques involving other abilities, esp. putting a large burden on the memory) multiple-choice → NB! may involve a large demand on processing where the test-taker needs to keep four different possibilities in their minds short answer → may require some writing information transfer note taking partial dictation 5. Criterial levels of performance (e.g. IELTS bands)