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Analysing a spoken text (no more than 1500 words)
i)(a) Find some informants who are happy for you to record part of a conversation. Ideally, they should be native-speakers or fairly fluent non- native speakers of English. You can get very good naturalistic data by recording people who are sitting around a table having a meal or coffee because they are sitting close together and not moving around. If you cannot record this kind of conversation, then record an extract from a radio phone-in program. Radio phone-ins are a good alternative because the conversations are not rehearsed. You should record no more than five minutes of the conversation.
(b)Use the template provided to prepare an information sheet explaining the project and a consent form for you and the informants to sign before you record the conversation. Make sure the informants get a copy. Include a copy of the signed information sheet(s)/consent form(s) as an appendix in your final assignment. The template is available on the course website.
ii)Write an introduction providing an overview of the conversation: When did it take place? Where? Who were the informants? What topics were covered in the conversation? Were the informants native or non-native speakers? Your introduction should make it crystal clear who the participants in the conversation were, the setting, topics of conversation and any environmental or social factors that affected the conversation. Use Hymes` (1974) SPEAKING grid as a general guide (there is no need to reference this as it is so well known). See the SPEAKING grid on pg. 2
iii)(a) Identify and analyse the most noticeable phonological features of the conversation. Consider features such as intelligibility of pronunciation, speed of delivery, stress and tone. Use IPA characters and diacritics to transcribe and illustrate some of these features.
(b)Then analyse the grammatical features of the conversation. Focus on features such as prefaces, hesitation devices, repetition, fillers, tags, ellipsis, indirect speech, negations, deixis, tense usage, vague language, swearing and any non-standard features of English such use of slang or idiom, accent, dialect or other vernacular features.