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Briefly discuss the meaning of the so-called social contract

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  • Post Date 2018-11-05T11:27:55+00:00
  • Post Category Essays

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Briefly discuss the meaning of the so-called social contract

US Law Enforcement

INSTRUCTIONS:

Four essay questions:

Briefly discuss the meaning of the so-called social contract. In doing so, speak about political philosophers such as John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Also, speak to federalism and the three levels of policing in the United States.



Briefly provide an overview of Sir Robert Peel’s contributions to policing.



Discuss how does the Bureaucratic Model applies when comparing and contrasting the training method ideologies associated with how the Federal Bureau of Investigations trains agents versus the quasi-militarism (also called para-militarism) characteristic methodology typically used in the typical police academy.



Discuss McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y; Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory and the Hawthorne Studies.

CONTENT:

U.S Law Enforcement Name Institution Date U.S Law Enforcement Social Contract John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau described social contract in different ways. Thomas Hobbes defined social contract as an idea of self-preservation and self-protection that forms part of man’s inherent nature. For men to achieve self-preservation and self-protection, humans voluntarily surrender all their right and freedom to some authority (Gough, 1936). According to Thomas Hobbes, man constantly lives in fear, in a state of solitary, selfishness, poor and brutish, meaning that man has a natural desire for security to avoid pain and misery. A man is forced to give his rights through social contract to the mightiest authority who is obliged to protect and preserve man’s life and property. Social contract has resulted to the emergence of institutions of monarch and rulers (Gough, 1936). John Locke‘s theory of social contract is that man lived in a state of nature, Locke view of state of nature is that it is enjoyable and good, but his properties are not secured. Man’s state of nature according to Locke is the need to protect his property, therefore men has no choice but to enter into social contract. Under this contract, man did not surrender all his rights instea

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